Alternative Livelihoods


Immediately after the fall of Taliban, efforts in fighting against the threat of “Poppy economy” started and the government made countering narcotics as one of the top priorities in its plan.

The agreement made on 5 December 2001 required the temporary administration of Afghanistan and loya Jirga to work with the international community in fighting against narcotics and the organized crimes. On October 2003, the government of Afghanistan established counter narcotics directorates in order to improve activities against narcotics. Counter narcotics directorate, as one of its prior tasks, created the national Drug Control Strategy based on five pillars one of which is alternative livelihood.

In continuation of the CN efforts of the government of Afghanistan in 2005, the structure of counter narcotics directorate changed into the Ministry of counter narcotics. Meanwhile, Alternative Livelihood continued its work within the framework of the ministry. The ALD of MCN finalized the National Alternative Livelihood Policy with the cooperation of the Agriculture and Rural Development Cluster and the policy was approved by this cluster.

This policy was considered by international community in their eighteenth meeting (Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board /JCMB). In addition, this policy was inserted in Afghanistan’s formal documents in Tokyo Conference.

Alternative Livelihood Responsibilities:

The department, created based on the provisions of paragraphs ( 6 and 11 ) sixty- fifth article of law against intoxicating drinks and narcotics and their control, is responsible to:

1- Design and arrange policies for the sake of ministries of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, business and industry, Rural development, Public Works, Energy, Water and Interior’s activities in order to achieve their goals such as,

  • Prevention of cultivation of poppy, cannabis, opium and other plants used for producing illicit drugs in possible ways,
  • Encouraging farmers to cultivate useful crops,
  • Marketing for Afghan farmers’ crops inside and outside of Afghanistan.

2- Designing policies for an implementing effective and fruitful National Drug Control Strategy and Law against Intoxicating Drinks, Narcotics and their Control.

3- Planning and provision of resources (financial, human resources, physical resources and intangible resources) to the fight against drugs.

4- Provision of alternative livelihood programs and submission of proposals to donors to provide the required resources.

5- Collecting data about alternative livelihood programs, independent governmental offices and related references.

6- Creating various databases to provide information when necessary.

7- Carrying out the tasks to achieve the counter narcotics objectives.